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Thursday, July 9, 2020 | History

4 edition of Self-diffusion in electrolyte solutions found in the catalog.

Self-diffusion in electrolyte solutions

a critical examination of data compiled from the literature

by R. Mills

  • 206 Want to read
  • 1 Currently reading

Published by Elsevier, Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co. in Amsterdam, New York, New York, NY, U.S.A .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Electrolyte solutions.,
  • Diffusion.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementR. Mills, V.M.M. Lobo.
    SeriesPhysical sciences data ;, 36
    ContributionsLobo, Victor M. M.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQD565 .M515 1989
    The Physical Object
    Pagination346 p. ;
    Number of Pages346
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2057956M
    ISBN 100444872884
    LC Control Number88037012

    the electrolyte is confined by the porous glass, the bulk self-diffusion coefficients were reduced by a factor of about which represents the tortuosity factor. 3. Results For the concentration dependency of the self-diffusion coefficients in alkali metal chloride electrolytes, the so far known theoretical predictions, e. g. [4.   Self-diffusion and viscosity in electrolyte solutions. Kim JS(1), Wu Z, Morrow AR, Yethiraj A, Yethiraj A. Author information: (1)Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin , USA. The effect of salt on the dynamics of water molecules follows the Hofmeister series.

    alcohols. A strong electrolyte will dissociate completely while a weak electrolyte will only dissociate partly. The presence of the charged ions causes the electrolyte solution to deviate much more from ideal solution behavior than a non-electrolyte solution does. This is the case even at very low electrolyte concentrations.   In recent years, the pulsed magnetic-field gradient-NMR (pfg-NMR) technique has been improved and applied to detect the self-diffusion coefficient of and in electrolytes for Li-ion batteries. The electrolytes include gel, polymer, and nonaqueous liquid solutions. 15 – 18 Saito et al. 16 found that both and of solutions increased with the.

    Abstract. Because of the interest in their application to solid electrolyte, electrical conductivity has been extensively determined for various stabilized ZrO 2 by many investigators. In contrast, direct determination of the oxygen tracer diffusion coefficient has been made only for CaO-stabilized ZrO 2 by Kingery et al. () and later by Simpson and Carter ().   This classic text, originally published in the s, remains a standard reference in the literature of physical chemistry. Its focus on the fundamental properties of electrolyte solutions ensures its enduring relevance, and its substantial body of fact and theory continues to offer vital information for the interpretation of s: 5.


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Self-diffusion in electrolyte solutions by R. Mills Download PDF EPUB FB2

This compilation - the first of its kind - fills a real gap in the field of electrolyte data. Virtually all self-diffusion data in electrolyte solutions as reported in the literature have been examined and the book contains over tables covering diffusion in binary and ternary aqueous solutions, in mixed solvents, and of non-electrolytes in various Edition: 1.

self-diffusion in electrolyte solutions a critical examination of data compiled from the literature. Edited by R. Mills, V.M.M Lobo. Vol Pages () Book chapter Full text access - Self-Diffusion Data for Binary Aqueous Electrolytes in Mixed Solvents Pages A comprehensive model has been developed for calculating self-diffusion coefficients in mixed-solvent electrolyte solutions.

The model includes methods for calculating the self-diffusion coefficients of ions and neutral species at infinite dilution and for predicting the effect of finite concentrations of electrolytes. For limiting diffusivities, a mixing rule has been developed for Cited by: 1. Introduction. Explanatory Notes.

Tables of Self-Diffusion Data. For binary aqueous electrolyte solutions. For ternary aqueous electrolyte solutions. For mixed solvent electrolyte solutions. For non-electrolyte species in electrolyte solutions.

Appendix I. Tables of limiting self-diffusion coefficients of ions. Appendix II. Buy Self-diffusion in Electrolyte Solutions: A Critical Examination of Data Compiled from the Literature (Physical Sciences Data) by Mills, R., Lobo, V.

(ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : R. Mills, V. Lobo. In this work, the concentration and temperature dependence of the self-diffusion of water in electrolyte solutions is studied using molecular dynamics simulations and pulsed-field-gradient NMR experiments; temperature-dependent.

Self-diffusion coefficients of water in pure water and in aqueous solutions of several electrolytes at various temperatures have been measured using the diaphragm cell method with deuterium as tracer.

Electrolytes investigated were ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, potassium nitrate, potassium chloride, sodium chloride and lithium chloride. Self Diffusion and Rotational Relaxation in Liquids and Electrolytic solutions*) Article in Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft/Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 75(3‐4).

Knowing the self-diffusion coefficients is necessary when studying mass transfer in many industrial applications, especially in electrochemical systems, Theoretical models have been developed to predict self-diffusion coefficients in electrolyte solutions.

However, for many systems the theories are limited or there are no theories or. In this paper there is presented the study of temperature dependencies of water molecule self-diffusion coefficients in dilute solutions of electrolytes in the temperature range - K.

Fig. 1 shows typical concentration dependencies of water molecule self-diffusion coefficients at various temperatures. The self‐diffusion coefficients of the ions in a model electrolyte solution are calculated with a novel implementation of the nonequilibrium Brownian dynamics technique.

The ions are coupled to an external color field E by color charges in such a way that each ionic species as a whole is electrically neutral to E. The ion–ion forces are not directly affected by the color charges or E. This classic text, originally published in the s, remains a standard reference in the literature of physical chemistry.

Its focus on the fundamental properties of electrolyte solutions ensures its enduring relevance, and its substantial body of fact and theory continues to offer vital information for the interpretation of data. The authors present their material in a pattern of alternate 5/5(1).

Electrolyte Solutions and Their Nonideality An electrolyte is a compound which produces an ionic solution when dissolved in an aqueous solution. For example, a salt like KCl would produce an electrolyte solution.

Those compounds which produce a large number of ions in solution are called strong electrolytes. Proton relaxation rates of the solvent water in NaClO4, NaBF4, LiClO4, and NiBF4 solutions together with some self-diffusion coefficients are reported and interpreted in terms of structure. Self-diffusion coefficients of Co 2+ ions labelled with 60 Co 2+ in aqueous solutions of CoCl 2, Co(NO 3) 2 and CoSO 4, and of Mn 2+ ions tagged with 54 Mn 2+ in aqueous solutions of MnCl 2 and MnSO 4 have been measured over a concentration range of –2 mol dm –3, using an open-ended capillary technique with theoretical self-diffusion coefficients of Co.

IVCF in electrolyte solution [4,5] is a fundamental prob-lem which has wide ranging applications to problems of many disciplines of natural and biological sciences [6–9]. There are now compelling reasons for developing a microscopic theory of self-diffusion of concentrated elec-trolyte solutions.

First, accurate pair correlation functions. R. Mills and V. Lobo, Self-Diffusion in Electrolyte Solutions: A Critical Examination of Data Compiled from the Literature, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ().

Google Scholar [18]. Many automatic processes in the body run on small electric currents, and electrolytes provide this charge. Electrolytes are present throughout the nerves, tissues, and muscles. We need a balance. Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions 2nd Edition by Kenneth S.

Pitzer (Author) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work. Experimental data of the proton relaxation rate in aqueous solutions of alkali and alkaline earth halides at four different temperatures (0, 25, 50, 80 °C) are reported.

A number of measured self‐diffusion coefficients of water in electrolyte solutions at. Abstract. The coefficient of mutual diffusion and the two coefficients of self- diffusion of aqueous solutions of sucrose from 0 to M were measured at 25 deg C.A statistical mechanical theory of the self‐diffusion coefficient of ions in solutions of simple electrolytes has been developed.

Beginning with a generalized Langevin equation the self‐diffusion coefficients of ions may be evaluated at the zero‐frequency limit of the Laplace transform of the random force correlation function.

We assume that the random force acting on .Self-Diffusion Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions.- Structural Interpretation of Microdynamic Data.- 8 Dielectric Properties.- 1. Basic Theory.- Types of Dielectric Polarization and Its Decay.- Dielectric Relaxation in a Model of Pure Water.- Dielectric Relaxation in a Model of Aqueous Ionic Solutions.-